The Cutter’s Art: A Brief History of Bloodletting

Here’s a marvelous post on Western bloodletting, where the quantites sought were PINTS, not drops (i.e., acupuncture bloodletting). Plus great trivia on the etymology of barbers’ pole design!

The Chirurgeon's Apprentice

V0011195 An ill man who is being bled by his doctor. Coloured etching

When King Charles II suffered a sudden seizure on the morning of 2 February 1685, his personal physician had just the remedy. He quickly slashed open a vein in the king’s left arm and filled a basin with the royal blood. Over the next few days, the king was tortured by a swarm of physicians buzzing around his bedside. They gave enemas and urged him to drink various potions, including boiled spirits from a human skull. The monarch was bled a second time before he lapsed into a coma. He never awoke.

Even without his doctors’ ministrations, the king may well have succumbed to whatever ailed him, yet his final days were certainly not made any easier by the relentless bloodletting and purging. By the time of Charles II’s death, however, bloodletting was standard medical practice.

Bloodletting dates back to the Roman physician, Galen, who lived in the 2nd century…

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